Synergy of Sam Ratulangi Air Force Base and Regional Government in Flood Natural Disaster Management in Manado City
The impact of flash floods that occurred in the city of Manado a few years ago resulted in significant material losses and casualties. The Manado City Government through the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) has an effort to deal with disaster problems, particularly floods, including involving the Air Force of the Sam Ratulangi Air Base. However, it must be admitted that there are still obstacles to optimize the Indonesian Army Force in supporting natural disaster management in the North Sulawesi region. The further studies are needed related to the synergy of the Sam Ratulangi Air Force Base and the Regional Government in response to natural flood disasters in Manado, North Sulawesi. In this paper, the theories or concepts of disaster management, synergy, civil-military relations, and national security are used. The method used is qualitative with a case study approach. The results of the study show the main differences in disaster management efforts among regional governments and related to perceptions of flood mitigation, sector introspection regarding flood mitigation, motivation for flood mitigation, and disaster management implementation plans. The planning approach is highly dependent on the political interests of the regional government. Furthermore, based on the analysis of the three pillars of synergy between civil-military in efforts to mitigate floods in the city of Manado, the problems identified are (1) related to the improvement and capacity and capability of each sector; (2) equating perceptions and frameworks at the level of regional leadership elements; (3) preparation of SOPs/operational guidelines and/or technical guidelines; and (4) performance improvement based on evaluation of disaster management.
Erwin Dwi Kurniawan is affiliated to the Security Studies Program, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia.